Tmux

Tips#

# 新建或 attach 到会话
tmuxrc new -A -s main
# 显示指定服务开启的会话
tmux -S /tmp/extratmuxserver/tmuxserver ls
# 创建新会话
tmux new -s myname
# Attach 到会话
tmux a -t myname
# 关闭会话
tmux kill-session -t myname
# 命令行控制
# ==========
# Zoom In
tmux list-panes -F '#F' | grep -q Z || tmux resize-pane -Z
# Zoom Out
tmux list-panes -F '#F' | grep -q Z && tmux resize-pane -Z

窗口管理#

  • 会话 - session
    • 窗口 - window
      • 面板 - pane
# 隐藏面板
# 将当前面板放到后台(-d)窗口,显示相关信息(-P)
# 显示位置 例如 1:2.0 表示 会话:窗口.面板
break-pane -dP
# 恢复隐藏面板
# -v 水平分割 -s 来源面板
join-pane -vs 1:2.0

Commands#

# 是其他链接全都 detach, 使得当前窗口能够最大化
# detach -> detach-client
detach -a
# 移动面板
# ==========
# 显示
bind-key j command-prompt -p "join pane from:" "join-pane -s '%%'"
# 隐藏
bind-key s command-prompt -p "send pane to:" "join-pane -t '%%'"
bind-key @ choose-window 'join-pane -h -s "%%"'
bind-key [email protected] choose-window 'join-pane -s "%%"'
# 添加到最近访问窗口
bind-key @ join-pane -h -s !
attach-session (attach) [-dEr] [-c working-directory] [-t target-session]
bind-key (bind) [-cnr] [-T key-table] key command [arguments]
break-pane (breakp) [-dP] [-F format] [-n window-name] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-window]
capture-pane (capturep) [-aCeJpPq] [-b buffer-name] [-E end-line] [-S start-line][-t target-pane]
choose-buffer [-N] [-F format] [-f filter] [-O sort-order] [-t target-pane]
choose-client [-N] [-F format] [-f filter] [-O sort-order] [-t target-pane]
choose-tree [-GNsw] [-F format] [-f filter] [-O sort-order] [-t target-pane]
clear-history (clearhist) [-t target-pane]
clock-mode [-t target-pane]
command-prompt [-1Ni] [-I inputs] [-p prompts] [-t target-client] [template]
confirm-before (confirm) [-p prompt] [-t target-client] command
copy-mode [-Mu] [-t target-pane]
delete-buffer (deleteb) [-b buffer-name]
detach-client (detach) [-aP] [-E shell-command] [-s target-session] [-t target-client]
display-message (display) [-p] [-c target-client] [-F format] [-t target-pane] [message]
display-panes (displayp) [-d duration] [-t target-client]
find-window (findw) [-CNT] [-t target-pane] match-string
has-session (has) [-t target-session]
if-shell (if) [-bF] [-t target-pane] shell-command command [command]
join-pane (joinp) [-bdhv] [-p percentage|-l size] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
kill-pane (killp) [-a] [-t target-pane]
kill-server
kill-session [-aC] [-t target-session]
kill-window (killw) [-a] [-t target-window]
last-pane (lastp) [-de] [-t target-window]
last-window (last) [-t target-session]
link-window (linkw) [-dk] [-s src-window] [-t dst-window]
list-buffers (lsb) [-F format]
list-clients (lsc) [-F format] [-t target-session]
list-commands (lscm) [-F format]
list-keys (lsk) [-T key-table]
list-panes (lsp) [-as] [-F format] [-t target-window]
list-sessions (ls) [-F format]
list-windows (lsw) [-a] [-F format] [-t target-session]
load-buffer (loadb) [-b buffer-name] path
lock-client (lockc) [-t target-client]
lock-server (lock)
lock-session (locks) [-t target-session]
move-pane (movep) [-bdhv] [-p percentage|-l size] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
move-window (movew) [-dkr] [-s src-window] [-t dst-window]
new-session (new) [-AdDEP] [-c start-directory] [-F format] [-n window-name] [-s session-name] [-t target-session] [-x width] [-y height] [command]
new-window (neww) [-adkP] [-c start-directory] [-F format] [-n window-name] [-t target-window] [command]
next-layout (nextl) [-t target-window]
next-window (next) [-a] [-t target-session]
paste-buffer (pasteb) [-dpr] [-s separator] [-b buffer-name] [-t target-pane]
pipe-pane (pipep) [-IOo] [-t target-pane] [command]
previous-layout (prevl) [-t target-window]
previous-window (prev) [-a] [-t target-session]
refresh-client (refresh) [-S] [-C size] [-t target-client]
rename-session (rename) [-t target-session] new-name
rename-window (renamew) [-t target-window] new-name
resize-pane (resizep) [-DLMRUZ] [-x width] [-y height] [-t target-pane] [adjustment]
respawn-pane (respawnp) [-c start-directory] [-k] [-t target-pane] [command]
respawn-window (respawnw) [-c start-directory] [-k] [-t target-window] [command]
rotate-window (rotatew) [-DU] [-t target-window]
run-shell (run) [-b] [-t target-pane] shell-command
save-buffer (saveb) [-a] [-b buffer-name] path
select-layout (selectl) [-Enop] [-t target-pane] [layout-name]
select-pane (selectp) [-DdegLlMmRU] [-P style] [-T title] [-t target-pane]
select-window (selectw) [-lnpT] [-t target-window]
send-keys (send) [-lXRM] [-N repeat-count] [-t target-pane] key ...
send-prefix [-2] [-t target-pane]
set-buffer (setb) [-a] [-b buffer-name] [-n new-buffer-name] data
set-environment (setenv) [-gru] [-t target-session] name [value]
set-hook [-gu] [-t target-session] hook-name [command]
set-option (set) [-aFgosquw] [-t target-window] option [value]
set-window-option (setw) [-aFgoqu] [-t target-window] option [value]
show-buffer (showb) [-b buffer-name]
show-environment (showenv) [-gs] [-t target-session] [name]
show-hooks [-g] [-t target-session]
show-messages (showmsgs) [-JT] [-t target-client]
show-options (show) [-gqsvw] [-t target-session|target-window] [option]
show-window-options (showw) [-gv] [-t target-window] [option]
source-file (source) [-q] path
split-window (splitw) [-bdfhvP] [-c start-directory] [-F format] [-p percentage|-l size] [-t target-pane] [command]
start-server (start)
suspend-client (suspendc) [-t target-client]
swap-pane (swapp) [-dDU] [-s src-pane] [-t dst-pane]
swap-window (swapw) [-d] [-s src-window] [-t dst-window]
switch-client (switchc) [-Elnpr] [-c target-client] [-t target-session] [-T key-table]
unbind-key (unbind) [-an] [-T key-table] key
unlink-window (unlinkw) [-k] [-t target-window]
wait-for (wait) [-L|-S|-U] channel

~/.tmux.conf#

new-session
# 启用鼠标
set -g mouse on
# 允许鼠标选择面板
set -g mouse-select-pane on
# 允许鼠标调整面板大小
set -g mouse-resize-pane on
# 允许滚动的历史
set -g history-limit 30000
##########################################
# 状态栏
# UTF8
set -g status-utf8 on
# vi Style Editing
# set -g status-keys vi
set -g status-interval 1
set -g status-attr bright
set -g status-fg white
set -g status-bg black
set -g status-left-length 20
set -g status-left '#[fg=green][#[fg=red]#S#[fg=green]]#[default]'
set -g status-justify centre
set -g status-right '#[fg=green][ %m/%d %H:%M:%S ]#[default]'
setw -g window-status-current-format '#[fg=yellow](#I.#P#F#W)#[default]'
setw -g window-status-format '#I#F#W'
##########################################
# 模拟终端标题
set -g set-titles on
set -g set-titles-string "#(tmux ls | awk -F: '{print $1}' | xargs | sed 's/\ / | /g')"
##########################################
# 按键绑定
# C-a = prefix
# 默认 Ctrl+b 为前缀 - 取消默认
unbind C-b
# 使用 Ctrl+a 为前缀
set -g prefix C-a
# 上一个窗口
unbind l
bind C-a last-window
# 下一个窗口
bind C-c new-window
# 复制模式
unbind [
bind Escape copy-mode
# 垂直分割
unbind %
bind | split-window -h
# 水平分割
unbind '"'
bind - split-window -v
# 选择窗口
bind '"' choose-window
# h = display cheatsheet
# bind h run "cat ~/.tmux_cheatsheet"
# r = tmux renumbering script
# unbind r
# bind r run "~/bin/tmux_renum"
# r = respawn after exit or disconnect (zombie)
bind C-r respawn-window
# k = kill after exit or disconnect (zombie)
bind C-k kill-window
##########################################
# 基础配置
# UTF8
setw -g utf8 on
# Allow xterm titles in terminal window, terminal scrolling with scrollbar, and setting overrides of C-Up, C-Down, C-Left, C-Right
#set -g terminal-overrides "xterm*:XT:[email protected]:[email protected]:kUP5=\eOA:kDN5=\eOB:kLFT5=\eOD:kRIT5=\eOC"
# Set ability to capture on start and restore on exit window data when running an application
setw -g alternate-screen on
# Lower escape timing from 500ms to 50ms for quicker response to scroll-buffer access.
set -s escape-time 50
set -g status-interval 1
set -g status-justify centre # center align window list
set -g status-left-length 20
set -g status-right-length 140
set -g status-left '#[fg=green]#H #[fg=black]• #[fg=green,bright]#(uname -r | cut -c 1-6)#[default]'
set -g status-right '#[fg=green,bg=default,bright]#(tmux-mem-cpu-load 1) #[fg=red,dim,bg=default]#(uptime | cut -f 4-5 -d " " | cut -f 1 -d ",") #[fg=white,bg=default]%a%l:%M:%S %p#[default] #[fg=blue]%Y-%m-%d'
# C-b is not acceptable -- Vim uses it
set-option -g prefix C-a
bind-key C-a last-window
# Start numbering at 1
set -g base-index 1
# Allows for faster key repetition
set -s escape-time 0
# Rather than constraining window size to the maximum size of any client
# connected to the *session*, constrain window size to the maximum size of any
# client connected to *that window*. Much more reasonable.
# setw -g aggressive-resize on
# Allows us to use C-a a <command> to send commands to a TMUX session inside
# another TMUX session
bind-key a send-prefix
# Activity monitoring
setw -g monitor-activity on
set -g visual-activity on
# Vi copypaste mode
# set-window-option -g mode-keys vi
# bind-key -t vi-copy 'v' begin-selection
# bind-key -t vi-copy 'y' copy-selection
# hjkl 面板选择
bind h select-pane -L
bind j select-pane -D
bind k select-pane -U
bind l select-pane -R
bind-key C command-prompt -p "Name of new window: " "new-window -n '%%'"
# 配置重载
bind r source-file ~/.tmux.conf \; display-message "Config reloaded..."
# 自动重命名窗口
set-window-option -g automatic-rename
set -g allow-rename on
# https://github.com/edkolev/dots/blob/master/tmux.conf
# Updates for tmux 1.9's current pane splitting paths.
if-shell "[[ `tmux -V` == *1.9* ]]" 'unbind c; bind c new-window -c "#{pane_current_path}"'
if-shell "[[ `tmux -V` == *1.9* ]]" 'unbind s; bind s split-window -v -c "#{pane_current_path}"'
if-shell "[[ `tmux -V` == *1.9* ]]" "unbind '\"'; bind '\"' split-window -v -c '#{pane_current_path}'"
if-shell "[[ `tmux -V` == *1.9* ]]" 'unbind v; bind v split-window -h -c "#{pane_current_path}"'
if-shell "[[ `tmux -V` == *1.9* ]]" 'unbind %; bind % split-window -h -c "#{pane_current_path}"'
# Use xterm flavor
# set -g default-terminal "xterm-256color"
# set -g xterm-keys o
setw -g xterm-keys on
# 同步面板操作
bind F2 setw synchronize-panes on
bind F3 setw synchronize-panes off
set -g default-terminal "xterm"