烹饪词汇

Units

1 US tablespoon = 4 fluid drams
= 3 teaspoons
= 1⁄2 US fluid ounce
= 1⁄3 US shot
= 1⁄8 US gill
= 1⁄16 US cup
= 14.8 ml
1 Australian tablespoon = 20 ml
≈ 2⁄3 fl. oz.
= 2 dessertspoons
= 4 teaspoons
1 TBSP = 15 g
1 TSP = 5 g
1/2 TSP = 2.5g
1/2 CUP = 8 TBSP = 24 TSP = 120 g
1/4 CUP = 60 g

参考

术语

TBSP

Tablespoon 汤勺

TSP

Teaspoon 茶勺

塔塔粉

酒石酸氢钾 食品工业称作塔塔粉,用作添加剂、膨松剂,也用作还原剂和缓冲试剂

替代

一般说来,一茶勺塔塔粉可用一大匙柠檬汁或白醋代替,但要减少约十公克蛋白用量。使用白醋不需担心醋味,和蛋白的碱性中和及在烘焙后是感觉不太出来的。

But if you don’t have it in your pantry and your recipe calls for it, just substitute fresh lemon juice or white vinegar for the cream of tartar. For every 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda in the recipe, use 1 teaspoon lemon juice or white vinegar. As an example, if your cookie recipe calls for 1 teaspoon baking soda, add 2 teaspoons lemon juice instead of the cream of tartar. If your simple syrup recipe asks for 1/8 teaspoon cream of tartar, use 3-4 drops of lemon juice. And for the whipping egg whites? Add 1/2 teaspoon lemon juice per egg white.

The results will be so close, you probably won’t notice the substitution.

1/2 TSP of baking soda -> 1 TSP lemon juice or white vinegar 1/8 teaspoon cream of tartar -> 3-4 drops of lemon juice

For beating egg whites 打蛋清 - Use an equal amount of white vinegar or lemon juice, or omit the cream of tartar from the recipe entirely

As a leavening agent 发酵 - Replace the baking soda and the cream of tartar called for in the recipe with baking powder.

食品工业

  • 稳定蛋清,提高蛋清的耐热性和体积;
  • 防止糖浆结晶;
  • 减少蔬菜在煮熟过程中的变色;
  • 常与小苏打(需酸性物质激活)混合,用于制作泡打粉的配方;
  • 常用于用氯化钾作为无钠盐替代品的组合中;
  • 姜饼屋糖衣。